Advice Notes and Position Papers

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Opinion on the Regulation of Targeted Mutagenesis in Plant Breeding

Since the early 1990s techniques of induced mutagenesis targeted by biotechnological processes have been developed.
Targeted mutations obtained are of great interest for plant breeding as they can accelerate the creation of varieties of interest and therefore reduce costs associated with it.
In a regulatory landscape still confused at the European level, and in the absence of hindsight on concrete data from the field, the two French Academies in their opinion voted on July 7, 2016 call public authorities permit the development of the experiments in progress, including field experiments, and to use their results in order to prepare a regulatory framework which incorporates both biomonitoring and technical advances that these new technologies may provide.

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HEALTH’ FOODS

The National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF) has been led to the conclusion – following in-depth studies on recent results due to introduction of new technologies in the complex area of health issues and their interactions with foodstuffs and feeding – that there are emerging generations of new products that underscore the importance of this sector to the French economy. NATF would strongly welcome a modification of existing rules and regulations that would enhance and accelerate their development.

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Biodiversity and land-planning policies

Biodiversity and land-planning policies: local and global aspects, specifics and generalities
Academic Advice Note adopted by vote in the NATF at its Dec.9, 2015 Plenary session
The National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF) recommends that dynamic management policies in favour of biodiversity be included in land planning schemes.

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TECHNOLOGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE SEVERAL SOLUTIONS TO MITIGATE THE EFFECTS AND TO ADAPT

The present Advice Note aims at announcing the principal contents of a forthcoming Academic Report that will result from in-depth investigations carried out by NATF Fellows; it will be finalized taking into account the roadmap decided at COP 21. The effects of climate change are already beginning to be observed and will be increasingly numerous and visible over the coming decades. The ‘warming’ aspect has begun and the most optimistic scenarios forecast a minimum 2°C rise in temperature by year 2100, provided we reduce drastically, as of today, our CO2 emissions. Global warming will be accompanied by rising sea levels. Consequently, practically all human activities will be adversely affected: agriculture and forestry, industries, the building, energy, urbanism, coastline activities, health, access to drinking water, transportation, the bio-economy. The above aspects will be addressed in the NATF Academic Report announced above.

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ACADEMIC ADVICE NOTE ON THE LAW “AN ENERGY TRANSITION FOR GREEN GROWTH”

Advice Note adopted by vote
at the NATF Plenary session June 10, 2015

As a complement to the contribution published by the Academy of Technologies of France (NATF) to the draft law hearings, and without changing the numbered analyses, several positions appertaining to the final law as framed for the Parliamentary votes were drafted at the NATF and merit being added to the dossier.

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STRATEGIC CHALLENGES FOR ADDITIVE FABRICATION

Over the past decade, the progress of 3’D printers has been spectacular. It is now possible to print with over 200 different materials and to attain layer deposit accuracy close to one micron. The objects produced in a 3-D print-out operation are every bit as good as those produced in a classic manufacturing way. 

The National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF) considers it to be of prime importance that the development of additive manufacturing be encouraged in France. In order to avoid seeing dispersed efforts here, the Academy advocates the choice of a strategic axis and recommends to privilege material excellence.

SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY AND (WHITE) INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGIES

Par le présent avis, l’Académie des technologies apporte son éclairage sur les questions que pose l’émergence de la biologie de synthèse (BS) dans le domaine des applications industrielles des biotechnologies. Il a pour objet de situer les potentialités de ce qui marque le passage historique de la biologie de l’état de science naturaliste à celui de technologie, dans le contexte des enjeux actuels industriels et sociétaux, et de proposer des mesures d’accompagnement pour favoriser l’émergence d’une bio-économie basée sur la connaissance.