Archive for 2018

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THE RISE IN TECHNOLOGICAL SKILLS OF SMEs: THE CASE OF INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES

Alors que le premier ministre Édouard Philippe, présentant le 20 septembre chez Dassault Systèmes le plan du gouvernement pour transformer l'industrie française par le numérique, déclare que « cette nouvelle révolution industrielle ne doit pas rester l’apanage de quelques groupes », l’Académie des technologies, dans un rapport voté en assemblée plénière le 12 septembre, appelle à une mobilisation générale et immédiate pour faire monter en puissance les compétences technologiques des PME industrielles.

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STRATEGY FOR THE USE OF UNDERGROUND RESOURCES FOR THE FRENCH ENERGY TRANSITION

The French Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Technology of France have decided to set up a joint working group to analyse the potential resources of metals and materials needed for the energy transition, available in the French sub-soil and sea bed, and to put them in perspective with global resources. The objective is to advise public authorities on France's needs and possible choices, and to suggest strategies on a case-by-case basis.

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Resurgence of artificial intelligence and machine learning

In a report voted in plenary session on 14 March, the NATF deems it necessary to build an "AI plan" at European and national level that will make it possible to reinforce investments in computing resources and technological research. The Academy recommends supporting and encouraging a responsible approach to AI that aims to simultaneously develop the performance and ethical acceptability of intelligent algorithms.

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THE TRANSITION TO INDUSTRIAL SCALE PRODUCTION OF HUMAN STEM CELLS FOR THERAPEUTIC USE

In a joint report, the two academies outline the state of the art in the use of stem cells in human therapy. They describe in detail the major changes required to move from laboratory work to the industrial stage by complying with European and French regulatory provisions. Finally, they make recommendations to enable France to participate more effectively in ongoing developments in this field, which is currently booming at the international level.