Rapports

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THE RISE IN TECHNOLOGICAL SKILLS OF SMEs: THE CASE OF INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES

Alors que le premier ministre Édouard Philippe, présentant le 20 septembre chez Dassault Systèmes le plan du gouvernement pour transformer l'industrie française par le numérique, déclare que « cette nouvelle révolution industrielle ne doit pas rester l’apanage de quelques groupes », l’Académie des technologies, dans un rapport voté en assemblée plénière le 12 septembre, appelle à une mobilisation générale et immédiate pour faire monter en puissance les compétences technologiques des PME industrielles.

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STRATEGY FOR THE USE OF UNDERGROUND RESOURCES FOR THE FRENCH ENERGY TRANSITION

The French Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Technology of France have decided to set up a joint working group to analyse the potential resources of metals and materials needed for the energy transition, available in the French sub-soil and sea bed, and to put them in perspective with global resources. The objective is to advise public authorities on France's needs and possible choices, and to suggest strategies on a case-by-case basis.

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Resurgence of artificial intelligence and machine learning

In a report voted in plenary session on 14 March, the NATF deems it necessary to build an "AI plan" at European and national level that will make it possible to reinforce investments in computing resources and technological research. The Academy recommends supporting and encouraging a responsible approach to AI that aims to simultaneously develop the performance and ethical acceptability of intelligent algorithms.

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THE TRANSITION TO INDUSTRIAL SCALE PRODUCTION OF HUMAN STEM CELLS FOR THERAPEUTIC USE

In a joint report, the two academies outline the state of the art in the use of stem cells in human therapy. They describe in detail the major changes required to move from laboratory work to the industrial stage by complying with European and French regulatory provisions. Finally, they make recommendations to enable France to participate more effectively in ongoing developments in this field, which is currently booming at the international level.

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Joint recommendations for the nuclear energy future

In the later part of the year 2016 the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the French Academies (National Academy of Technologies of France and French Academy of Sciences) set up a joint Franco-Chinese study group.
Its general objective was to prepare a common position paper to distil policies and technology options, including safety and waste management, for making nuclear power generation a component of future energy mixes in countries with the appropriate potential for implementing this energy.

TECHNOLOGIES AND INNOVATION TERRITORIES

Where is the economic dynamism, where is wealth created, what are the drivers of innovation? Where are we today in terms of territorial dynamics and innovation dynamics?
The National Academy of Technologies of France devoted its 2017 annual seminar (11 and 12 October) to studying this vital subject for France. This seminar shows that at a time when France has experienced both a territorial reform (NOTRe law of 2015) and a metropolitan development of (MAPTAM law of 2014), and multiple initiatives aimed at developing its potential for competitiveness and innovation, the challenges of innovation in the territories are still fundamental.

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How we perceive risk factors

In their new Academic Report, the National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF) – recalling that their motto is ‘Sharing reasoned, chosen Progress – analyses the question of how we perceive risks that accompany any form of innovation. The Report acknowledges the controversies that surround certain applications of science and certain technological innovations and raises the implicit political issue of the ‘city’s project’ and its objectives: what do we wish to do collectively with new knowledge and powers conferred by science and technology?

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Joint Academic Report and Recommendations in regard to implementing Next Generation Genome (NGS) Sequencing techniques in France

Next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, which allow high speed automated DNA sequencing, DNA sequence analysis and comparisons using big data algorithms are being used more and more in medical diagnosis, to provide prognosis information and for choosing a treatment that best fits the patient. 

The French “Académie nationale de médecine” (ANM) and “Académie des technologies” (NATF) jointly stress the scientific and medical importance of these technologies and call for bringing together strengths of the national computer science industry and the medical community in a public-private consortium in order to build a Demonstrator and Centre network filling up the growing gap between France and the most advanced countries in this field with great potential. They underline also common pitfalls which need to be addressed in technic, legal, economic, education and ethics issues, in order to make this complex project a success.