In recent years, annual electricity consumption in France amounted to around 470 TWh, 90% being decarbonised; at the same time, oil and natural gas consumption has been around 900 TWh and 450 TWh respectively. At present, electricity accounts for only a quarter of energy consumption. Energy savings alone will not be enough to move away from oil and natural gas: as equally anticipated for Germany and Great Britain, French reliance on electricity will have to increase significantly to replace oil and gas consumption. Various recent projections underestimate this growth. However, erroneous assumptions would affect the security of our energy supply and the daily life of the French people; the impacts on the cost of electricity and energy in general, and on the competitiveness of our economy would be considerable. In this position paper, the National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF) proposes a reasonable assessment of electricity demand in 2050. It points out that the European electricity system will be more vulnerable in coming years. It proposes some principles for the choice of economic data to be used in optimisation models. On the basis of these elements, it highlights some key points for managing change in the electricity system.
For the whole world, Europe 2020 has been marked by an unprecedented health and economic crisis. France, one of the European countries most affected, has made the health of its citizens a priority. It has also, in concert with the European Community, implemented an unprecedented recovery plan to support its economy while accelerating the transformation towards a less carbon-intensive, more resilient and more sovereign economy.
The National Academy of Technologies of France unveils its report presenting the major challenges for hydrogen to play a major role in the ecological transition and industrial development. It makes fourteen recommendations grouped into four themes and defines priorities for the uses of decarbonated hydrogen, taking into account the often-neglected economic aspects. It recommends the development of a French and European industry covering the entire chain from production to utilisation of hydrogen, not only targeting home markets but world markets. Finally, it recommends intensifying the Research and Development effort.
The fiest Energy for Smart Mobility Forum, Organised by Capenergies and GreenUnivers, under the patronage of the National Academy of Technologies of France, is an appointment to inform you on the trends seen by the main European experts, the latest technological and economic solutions and the legal framework, to exchange with the decision-makers of the sector and to develop business opportunities.
In the current context of the COP21 [Conference of the Parties, Paris], the National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF) decided to investigate the technologies useful for mitigation of the effects of and allowing for adaptation to climate changes. The findings were embodied in an Advice Note (cf. attachment) adopted by vote at the Academy’s Nov.4 plenary session. The NATF Advice Note summarizes the main conclusions of a detailed Academic Report that will be enriched during 2016, during which France will preside the COP.
The present Advice Note aims at announcing the principal contents of a forthcoming Academic Report that will result from in-depth investigations carried out by NATF Fellows; it will be finalized taking into account the roadmap decided at COP 21. The effects of climate change are already beginning to be observed and will be increasingly numerous and visible over the coming decades. The ‘warming’ aspect has begun and the most optimistic scenarios forecast a minimum 2°C rise in temperature by year 2100, provided we reduce drastically, as of today, our CO2 emissions. Global warming will be accompanied by rising sea levels. Consequently, practically all human activities will be adversely affected: agriculture and forestry, industries, the building, energy, urbanism, coastline activities, health, access to drinking water, transportation, the bio-economy. The above aspects will be addressed in the NATF Academic Report announced above.
Advice Note adopted by vote
at the NATF Plenary session June 10, 2015
As a complement to the contribution published by the Academy of Technologies of France (NATF) to the draft law hearings, and without changing the numbered analyses, several positions appertaining to the final law as framed for the Parliamentary votes were drafted at the NATF and merit being added to the dossier.